PEPFAR Central Asia Region Gender Strategy: Strategic Opportunities 2013–2020
The Central Asia Region (CAR) Team of the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) identified the need for a regional gender strategy focusing on key populations at risk for HIV. The gender strategy would include strategic opportunities and concrete actions to enhance the response to the HIV epidemic in the CAR. To ground the strategy in the gender-based constraints and opportunities that shape the lives of key populations — people who inject drugs, sex workers, men who have sex with men, incarcerated persons, and people living with HIV — the CAR Team requested that gender assessments be conducted in Kyrgyzstan (conducted in 2012 by AIDSTAR-One), and Tajikistan and Kazakhstan (conducted in March-April 2013 by AIDSTAR-Two). The assessments were carried out within the framework of the PEPFAR gender strategy and the broader U.S. Government (USG) policy context, which promotes gender equality and women’s empowerment as key pillars of diplomacy and development.
Based on the findings of these assessments, the PEPFAR CAR Team participated in two in-person working sessions and a virtual dialogue with the AIDSTAR-Two gender assessment team in April and May 2013 to identify strategic opportunities to advance HIV outcomes through enhanced awareness of and attention to gender norms and inequalities.